What is Oud Musical Instrument
The player who plays the oud is called the Udi.
The oud is a fretless musical instrument played with a plectrum. While the handle length is 19.5 cm, the wire length corresponds to 58.5 cm. The distance from the neck of the lute to the sound hole center is 19.5 cm, and the distance from the sound hole center to the bottom threshold is 19.5 cm. The length of the string was determined as 58.5 cm due to the fact that 19.5 cm was taken as a basis in the 3 sections of the oud. It has a total of 11 strings. While 5 rows of double wire are arranged, the top wire is single. The bottom four wires are the fishing line. Other winding wires are drawn on silk. Compared to the lute, its sounds are cornerless.
The oud consists of five parts. The hull, cap, handle, auger and strings represent these five elements. Making the oud starts from the boat, the handle is attached respectively, then the cover is placed. After these processes are finished, the keyboard is attached. The oud boat is wide and deep.
As with all instruments, the chest area is very important in the oud instrument. The chest, that is, the cover should be thin and the balconies should be designed and placed fairly. Professional instruments come out with custom and patience, since fabricated instruments made in series and rows are poorly produced, they do not have sound balance, they are of poor quality and unprotected. For this reason, as with all kinds of instruments, the oud should be studied on an order basis.
Oud Tuning – How Many Types of Oud Chords Are There – How to Tune Oud
There are 4 types of Oud chords:
The traditional Oud is tuned to SOL-RE-LA-MI-RE to be tuned from thin to thick.
Contemporary six-string Oud is tuned to SOL-RE-LA-MI-RE-LA.
With the innovation Bacanos made in the Oud accordion; It is tuned to SOL-RE-LA-MI-SI-FA.
It is designed as SOL-RE-LA-MI-SI-MI in Cinuçen Tanrıkorur’s Oud tuning system.
How to Choose an Oud Plectrum How to Hold it
In ancient times, the oud was played by resting a feather made from an eagle’s wing in olive oil. Instead, plastic, tortoiseshell and horn oud plectrums are used in the modern world. Being both more durable and ergonomic, cost and availability are the main reasons for preference.
The oud plectrum can vary from person to person. Some performers prefer soft, elastic plastic oud plectrums to achieve soft and light tones. On the contrary, harder materials are preferred for tense and high tension oud performance.
The player should choose his plectrum by considering his own playing comfort and continuity, and if necessary, he should improve his dexterity by having more than one plectrum.
In order to play the oud easily and pleasantly, it is necessary to know the position of holding the oud. In order to provide the oud position, the right arm and right knee and the oud boat should be suppressed. It is also necessary to establish a hugging position on the Oud with the right arm. Otherwise, the Oud may slip out of your hand, creating difficulty in playing.
How to Play the Oud
Make sure that the oud is tuned correctly. If you want to tune the lower strings, the left strings should be moved, and to tune the upper strings, the upper strings must be moved. The oud should be parallel to the chest level, a little away from the body, and the left hand should be in a comfortable position. While playing the oud, the pressure on the fingers should be controlled, correct and most importantly conscious pressure should be applied.
Oud Belongs to Which Country
Although this musical instrument, called Oud or Ut, is known as the instrument invented by Farabi, musical instruments similar to the Oud were found in miniatures and various reliefs before Farabi. Farabi Uda is known as its inventor because he is a dominant music performer. There is a legitimate reason why he is known for introducing the Uda accordion. The Oud accordion played today belongs to Farabi. He has succeeded in conveying extensive and satisfactory knowledge by himself. It was determined that there were 4 rows of wire in his period, but he added one more row.
Is Oud a Turkish Musical Instrument
Although the oud is not a Turkish musical instrument, it is one of the oldest musical instruments in human history. 20th century It has had a strong place in the Turkish music system from the very beginning. It is widely played in Arab geography. It is used in Arabs, Turkish people and Europeans.
How to Tell a Quality Oud
The quality indicator for oud is balanced and comfortable sound. The sound should be able to be heard comfortably as a result of the pressures on the oud keyboard. The length of the sound elongation (sustain) time must be found. The strength of the handle, hull, cap and auger must be in fairly good condition. Another factor that ensures the quality of the oud is that the producer stands behind his work. If paint has been used on a musical instrument, this is the main indication that poor quality wood has been used and is a method of deception. The wood of a good musical instrument does not need to be painted.
Is It Hard To Learn To Play The Oud?
Anything that is of interest must be learned. Nothing is impossible. Anyone can play the oud at any age.